Ayurvedic Consultation – Eight Fold Examination Process

Asthavidha Pariksha (Eight Fold Process)

Ayurvedic consultation consists of various aspects like Asthavidha Pariksha (Eight-Fold Exam), Prakriti (Body constitution), Vikriti (Body Imbalances), and Kaal (Recurring imbalances based on time, and weather). In Ayurvedic terms, Asthavidha means ‘Astha- Eight,’ ‘Vidha- Process,’ ‘Pariksha – Exam.’ Ashtavidha Pariksha consists of examination processes like:

1. Pulse

  • Ayurvedic expert determines the strength of doshas like vatta, pitta, and kapha through pulse rate.
  • Pulse qualities like slow, heavy, stable, light, or feeble help determine the strength of the dosha.
  • Light or cold pulse represents vatta, hot or sharp pulse represents pitta, and a slow, stable pulse represents kapha.

2. Urine

  • The color of the urine determines the strength of the dosha present in the body.
  • The whitish color of urine represents the presence of vatta.
  • Frothy urine represents the presence of pitta. Dark yellow or reddish color represents the presence of kapha.

3. Stool

  • Daily bowel movement determines the overall health of the individual, along with the presence of dosha.
  • Constipation and strain represent the presence of vatta. Loose stool and diarrheal conditions represent the presence of pitta.
  • Little heavy and slushy stool represents the presence of kapha.

4. Eyes

  • The color of the eyes helps determine the presence of a particular dosha in the body.
  • Dry eyes represent the presence of vatta. The yellow or reddish eyes represent the presence of pitta.
  • Watery eyes represent the presence of kapha.

5. Tongue

  • An ayurvedic expert can examine the tongue and determine the presence of specific dosha and health conditions of the body based on the color, shape, and coating.
  • A pointed tip tongue with crackings represents the presence of vatta. The red-colored tongue represents the presence of pitta. A large round-tipped tongue with some coatings represents the presence of kapha.
  • Tongue with coatings represents the weak digestive system, and with the scalloped edges represents malnutrition.

6. Skin

  • The skin disorders like dry or peeling skin, eczema, acne, psoraisis, etc represents the imbalance in doshas.
  • Most of the skin disorders are caused due to imbalance in Pitta. Pitta being associated with the fire is responsible for absorpton and digestion of the food. Indigestion leads to release of the toxins in the blood causing inflammation and infections on the skin.
  • Vatta and Kapha causes only minor problems like dry or greasy skin.

7. Voice

  • The voice strength represents the imbalance in the doshas and presence of any underlying diseases.
  • Hoarse and rough voice represents the imbalance in Vatta.
  • Broken and low voice represents the imbalance in Pitta.
  • Heavy and deep voice represents the imbalance in Kapha.

8. Appearance

  • The overall physique of the individual indicates an individual’s stamina, strength, and lifestyle. 
  • Vatta represents weaker body structure, dry skin, and intolerance towards cold things.
  • Pitta represents a strong appetite and bold personality. Kapha represents oily skin, well-built body structure.